Establishing of an apiary near nectar producing plants will give you an upper hand in your investments. Just like human beings, food is a must for survival. The set-up should be within 1-3km radius of flowering forests, grasslands with dense flowering herbs and shrubs, orchards with fruits which produce a lot of nectar and pollen eg. Bananas, avocados, coffee & citrus fruits family.
Locating your apiary should be as far as possible from heavy spraying farms, despite the farms having the best nectarines, this can wipe your entire colonies. Avoid these farms as much as possible. Some of them include flower farms which are heavy sprayers, some coffee cooperatives as well. Some farms may spray their plants when the bees are not active, but still the bees if they forage from the same, they will carry the chemical with them which can pose a threat to the brood as well as the quality of honey to human beings.
Bees too require a lot of clean water for their own direct consumption as well as for hive cooling during the very hot weather. In the absence of this essential commodity, they will abandon the hives for re-settlement near a permanent water source without notice. Though this is not limiting to apiary setting up, water is to be provided in the apiary for such areas and in the process of drying of existing water sources. The water is put in relatively flat basins, then sticks and stones placed for stepping by these diligent insects lest they drawn. Make a point of protecting this water provision from animals and predators for obvious reasons of pollution and preying.
Bellafam Modern Langsrothe Bee Hive
Protect your neighbors by siting the apiary at least 50-100m from homesteads, busy lands, roads schools and other public places such as parks. African bees are easily agitated by noise and attacks under such circumstances resulting to even court cases. Since some people are allergic to bee stings, the bee attack might lead to fatalities hence banning of your project.
Besides the above factor, you need security for your hives as it’s an investment too. Man poses the largest threat to the bees and the hives, predators such as the mighty honey Barger is the second danger to your business. To intact your apiary security, fence off your apiary and maintain a hedge around it. This will also help to cordon off domestic animals in the farmlands or wild animals if placed within a forest.
Drainage of the land in which the apiary is set should be considered. It should be free of dumpiness which raises humidity in the hives and lead to bees absconding the place. It will also catalyze the rotting of your hives and fencing posts.
Place your apiary in an easy to access locality. This is a place you will frequently be accessing for regular inspections such as bush clearing, colony managements and honey and other hive products harvesting. It can be an expensive exercise to harvest honey, whose density is 1.45 heavier than water, to employ labor to carry it a distance for ferrying to a processor. As this apiculture practice is long term, lower your operation costs by having ease of access with safety.
Pests and predators are unavoidable, but minimize their attack by siting in an area they are frequent or near their natural habitats. Be on the lookout for habitats of snakes, lizards, honey Barger, beetles, sugar ants, safari ants and birds.
Bee hives should be shielded from adverse weather conditions. Strong winds, direct scorching sun, frosts and floods by sheltering them under a natural canopy or providing an artificial shade. The area should be gently sloping as well.

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